Gardening Basics: Different Types of Saws and Their Uses
From ancient times, people were familiar with saws. A saw is one of the essential tools in a woodworker’s arsenal. A right saw can make your woodworking task easier, efficient, and satisfying.
Many different types of saws are available, but they are not usually used outside of the business for which they were designed. And the most surprising thing is, in the crowd of many different saws, some saws have lost their original name.
Learning the saw types and uses will assist you in picking the right saw for the right job. As a result, you can accomplish your task efficiently.
So, let’s learn about the different types of saws and their uses from below.
20 Different Types of Saws and Their Uses
As more and more woodworkers are turning themselves in using different types of saws because of their handiness and precision, saws are also an effective tool in delivering a precise and excellent result. Experienced woodworkers use them in small projects where necessary. However, they are easy to use also.
A pole saw is a type of saw that is placed at the head of a pole. And that is why it is called “pole saw.”
Pole saws are also known as pole pruner or pole chainsaws.
While you may find the design of this saw a bit odd because a chainsaw is mounted at the top of a pole, a pole saw is a useful saw for cutting or pruning tree branches.
There are 4 type of pole saw
3, Electric pole saw
4, Manual pole saw
Using a pole saw, a person can reach up to 7” – 10” high effortlessly. The pruning blade's length is 6” – 8” and able to cut thicker branches without any hassle.
- Pruning branches which are beyond our reach.
- Trimming bushes.
This saw type comes with portable features, and it has a clump of teeth attached to a chain that rotates along with a guide bar.
Chain saws are designed uniquely, and they have been categorized under band saws. Chain saws are extremely powerful and can accomplish limbing, pruning, bucking tasks efficiently.
While working with it, special precaution is mandatory because chainsaws are kickback prone. They are available with the corded, cordless, and gas-powered option. Proper maintenance such as chain sharpening, clearing debris, etc. will ensure that you will get the best performance.
- Chopping Firewood.
- Turning logs into lumber.
- Cutting down tall trees.
The blade of a backsaw is rectangular-shaped, and generally, the blade length is 8” – 14”. The handle is made of hardwood or plastic. Also, it is equipped with a metal-reinforced back edge. As a result, the blade remains safe from bending during cutting.
It will offer optimal cuts for an extended period if it gets periodic maintenance. Sharpening the blade is necessary with a professional blade sharpener.
- Specially designed to handle cutting dovetails projects.
- A suitable saw for joinery tasks.
A bow saw is a kind of cross-cut saw that is more used outside of a home than inside. The blade used in a bow saw is long and straight that can cut through wood.
The blade is too sharp to do much harm if you are not wearing any precautions like hand gloves. Using the pushing and pulling mechanism, a bow saw can remove wooden materials.
The shape of its frame is similar to a bow, and thus the blade won’t vibrate while cutting a tree. A bow saw offers both straight and curved cuts.
- Suitable for different rough cuts.
- Pruning logs.
A coping saw is a type of bow saw, and whenever you require a tuning cut for plastic, wood, or any other materials, a coping saw will be the best choice.
It has a thin blade, and its frame is made of metal, which makes it compatible with cutting through any type of material. The shape of the handle is cylindrical, and thus you will be able to make turning cuts with it.
The blade is screwed using 2 swivel clips in a U-shaped frame at both sides of the saw. It comes with 10 – 15 TPI to cut a wide range of materials.
- Making different shapes.
- For intersections.
- Flexible and complex wood cutting.
This is the most common type of saw that is available in almost any woodworker’s toolbox. The best features of hacksaw are lightweight, along with versatile.
It is a hand-powered saw, and it receives support from its C-frame. It has a total of 30 - 35 teeth. Hacksaw's frame is sturdy, and the handle is ergonomically designed. Pivoting bladed angle makes any wood, metal, or plastic cutting work easier than other saws.
Moreover, you can adjust the tensioner as per your requirement. However, improvement in tooling has improved the accuracy of a hacksaw.
- Cutting plastic, wood, even aluminum.
- Suitable for metalworking.
At first glance, you will find a similarity between the coping saw and fret saw. But the key difference between these 2 is, the frame of a fret saw is long that outspreads further away from its blade. Another thing is, you can’t rotate the blade of a fret saw; as a result, performing intricate scroll work on a wooden surface is challenging.
Often, a fret saw can be used as an alternative to a scroll saw because it can deliver precise working similar to a scroll saw.
However, due to its exceptionally long C-shaped frame, making the deep, intricate cut is a matter of time.
- Able to make a more delicate cut.
- The longer frame makes it eligible to cut deeper.
A keyhole saw consists of a plastic or wood-made handle along with a small sharp blade. It is widely used on drywall or soft materials in order to create any hole. If you require to create a hole in the wall to install an electric switchboard, you can easily make a hole with the help of a keyhole saw.
The blade length is 5” – 15” depending on the model, TPI 5 – 20. However, the standard TPI of a keyhole blade is 8 – 10.
Picking the right blade is necessary while accomplishing a project with a keyhole saw. Depending on the project, you have to pick the right blade since the different blade will allow you to do a different task.
- Drilling on softwood or drywall.
- Creating awkward shapes.
The design of a pruning saw will remind you of a pistol. It comes with a long blade and a curved pistol grip. Sometimes, you will find a pruning saw with a 13” – 15” blade. Because of its long blade and coarse teeth, it can assist you in cutting in both directions.
Anyone can easily handle this saw due to its curved handle, and cutting a tree branch will be much faster than other saw types. Additionally, compared to other saw types, pruning saw has more teeth in its blade.
- You can cut small and mid-sized tree branches.
- Best for pruning or trimming.
Band saws are 2 in type. One is stationary, and another one is portable.
The stationery band saw is the younger version of sawmill. An experienced person will be able to handle limitless projects using a stationary band saw.
On the other hand, a portable band saw is the portable version of the stationary band saw. It can perform most of the similar tasks as its elder brother. Being portable, a person can easily carry it from one place to another. Making a straight cut is a tough job with a portable band saw.
- Can handle any type of plumbing, woodworking, or welders task.
- Able to accomplish resewing tasks proficiently.
A chop saw is the portable version of a circular saw and comes with different specialized features. Depending on the versions, a chop saw can help you in cutting masonry and metal. Some chop saw models are available in the market, which contains a water line that works to minimize the dust while working with concrete.
It is a common tool in a metal shop. You can do angle cut with it too, but the result will not be much more effective than a circular saw. Abrasive saw or concrete saw is the other name of a chop saw.
- Best for cutting tough materials.
- Handles concrete and metal cutting tasks efficiently.
Using a round blade, a circular saw can cut a wide range of materials from different industries. It uses a toothed blade, and the blades standard diameter is 7 ¼” – 9”.
A circular saw allows its user to adjust the height and depth of the cut. Also, you can effortlessly replace the blade as per your project requirement. It means this saw accepts different types of blades.
To ensure comfort-ability and security to its user, different power tool brands manufacture left-handed, and right-handed circular saw. The size of a circular saw is relatively smaller than other saws, and you can store it up in a compact place easily.
- Ensures quick and accurate straight cut.
- Best for roofing, framing lumber.
Compound Miter Saw
Compound miter saws are one of the unique and different types of saw because it has the ability to make an angle cut. It features a round blade that can tilt at both left and right sides to provide a precise angle cut.
The working process of compound miter saw is a bit different than miter saws. The mounted blade attached to the arm of a compound saw can be adjusted easily to get an efficient complex cut.
With a compound saw, you can cut any materials. The blade is attached to the arm. It is promised to provide a detailed and precise cut.
- Deliver excellent results in crown molding jobs.
- An efficient performer from basic to complex cut.
If you are looking for a saw that can help you achieve irregular cuts, pick a jigsaw, and accomplish your task without hassle. Jigsaws are specially designed for cutting irregular curves, and for assisting a person in this regard, it is equipped with a reciprocating blade.
Because of the advancement of technology, today’s jigsaws are powered by electricity, and the other name of the jigsaw is the scroll saw.
This handheld saws blade moves up and down following adjustable speed. Based on your project, you can change the speed from faster to slower. Without thinking twice, pick a jigsaw to accomplish any non-straight cut.
- Best saw to cut curves or non-straight cuts.
- Fine toothed blade delivers precise and smooth curve cutting.
It is a machine-driven saw that performs cutting action following a push and pulls the blade's speed. The blade shows fast to and fro movement, and it is powerful enough to cut nearly all types of materials.
Reciprocating saws are available with both corded and cordless options. To get the best result from a cordless reciprocating saw, make sure you plugged it to the charger after each use.
They ensure the best result where accuracy is not a concern.
- An excellent tool for construction work.
- Mostly used for wood joints.
Radial Arm Saw
Radial arm saw motor and blade are mounted on the arm, and the arm is extended over a cutting table so that a person can control the saw without any trouble. It performs more like a table saw when it is making any rip cutting.
This saw is bulkier compared to other saw types and doesn’t come with a portable feature. It is a master of making different cuts, and thus it has become one of the most versatile saws in the market.
The good news is that, based on the manufacturer, the blade of a radial arm saw is interchangeable with a circular saw. But before interchanging, you have to make sure the spin speed of both saws is the same.
- Rip cutting.
- Bevel cuts.
The blade of a rotary tool is fixed, and the grip of the saw is screwdriver-type. You can use a scroll saw in any type of project related to construction or repairing. Its fast-rotating blade is powerful enough to create precise holes in plywood, drywall, or wallboard.
You can call it “cut out hole” as well. It can precisely cut circular openings. With other tools, we may require drilling pilot holes to guide to cutting, with a scroll saw drilling pilot hole is fully unnecessary.
However, using the right attachment is mandatory while working with a rotary saw. With the right attachment, cutting or creating holes on hardwood, ceramic, metal, etc. is extremely easy.
- Ideal for precise tasks on drywall.
- Delivers the best result for any small cutting jobs.
Whenever you need to make a complex and intricate cut on wood, metal, or any other materials, a scroll saw will be the best solution. It is small yet powerful in making intricate cuts. Controlling this saw is pretty simple as it has a foot pedal, and a beginner will not face any problem working with it.
Its blade is small and thin, with up and down reciprocating, it creates an excellent design. Blade size varies from project to project. With the right blade, you can design wood, plastic, metal, and several materials.
- The right blade provides intricate designs.
- Creating curves in edges is exceptionally straightforward with a scroll saw.
The blade of a table saw is a bit larger compared to a circular saw. It has a powerful motor that is positioned under a flatbed. If you need to adjust the cutting depth of a table saw, you can effortlessly do that by simply raising the table bed.
Table saw blades are 4 in type: rip blades, crosscut blades, combination blades, and carbide-tipped blade. Each of the blades delivers unique cutting results.
The main responsibility of the table saw is to cut sturdy wood pieces as well as artificial boards into the required sizes. The popularity of table saw increases because it can perform different types of cuts without losing much time and deliver efficient results.
- Cutting joints.
- Cutting rabbets and grooves.
The name itself will give you an idea of what this saw can do. This saw is specialized in cutting tile. Also, as per your requirement, you can use it for cutting stone, brick, porcelain, ceramic, and many other building materials.
This tile saw is renowned for smooth cutting. It is stationary too, meaning that you will need to cut your required material and then bring the materials to the workstation.
The best thing with a tile saw is, you can cut glasses with the right blade type. Another best feature of tile saw that is worth mentioning, it has a reservoir underneath the table to reduce dust created while cutting tile. Without filling the reservoir with water, you must not operate the saw.
- Cutting tile, porcelain, ceramic, and many other solid materials.
- With the specific blade type, it also can cut glass.
The above-discussed saws are commonly used saw in different projects nowadays. Each of them is unique in their characteristics, and you have to pick the right saw depending on your project type. Otherwise, the efficient and desired results will not be achievable.